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Native to the Sonoran Desert,  jojoba plants are a common sight in desert shrub and lower chaparral habitats. It can be found in southwest Arizona into lower southeast California, Baja California and Sonora, Mexico. It is a drought and fire-resistant evergreen shrub with thick leathery leaves that can stay low to the ground or reach heights of 10 feet, depending on where it grows. It generally grows in a rounded form to a height of 7 feet, with active growth during the summer and fall. Flowers are yellow and bloom in the late spring. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants, the "goatnut" fruits only being found on female plants with male plants nearby. Leaves are medium green, and remain on the plant throughout the year. It tends to grow in rocky and sandy soils, at elevations from 0-4900 feet. It is moderately fast growing and long-lived with a life span of more than 100 years, and some living more than 200 years!
Jojoba prefers light, coarsely textured soils. Good draina